W3C NewsВт., 15 окт. Текст источника в новой вкладке
Leading the Web to its Full Potential

 
 
1. CSS Containment Module Level 1 is a W3C Proposed Recommendation; Level 2 is a First Public Working DraftВт., 15 окт.[−]

The CSS Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation of CSS Containment Module Level 1. This CSS module describes the contain property, which indicates that the element’s subtree is independent of the rest of the page. This enables heavy optimizations by user agents when used well. Comments are welcome through through 13 November 2019.

The group has also published a First Public Working Draft of CSS Containment Module Level 2. This version restores style containment, which had been dropped from Level 1.

CSS is a language for describing the rendering of structured documents (such as HTML and XML) on screen, on paper, etc.


2. Call for Review: High Resolution Time Level 2 is a W3C Proposed RecommendationВт., 15 окт.[−]

The Web Performance Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation of High Resolution Time Level 2. This specification defines an API that provides the time origin, and current time in sub-millisecond resolution, such that it is not subject to system clock skew or adjustments.

Comments are welcome through 12 November 2019.


3. Call for Review: Web Assembly 1.0 is a W3C Proposed RecommendationВт., 15 окт.[−]

The WebAssembly (WASM) Working Group has published three Proposed Recommendations for Web Assembly 1.0:

  • WebAssembly Core Specification
  • WebAssembly JavaScript Interface
  • WebAssembly Web API

    WebAssembly is a standard, a safe, portable, low-level code format designed for efficient execution and compact representation. These specifications define the language and behavior of the virtual machine as well as a JavaScript API and integration with the broader Web Platform.

    Comments are welcome through through 27 October 2019.


4. First Public Working Draft: WebDriver Level 2Вт., 15 окт.[−]

The Browser Testing and Tools Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of WebDriver Level 2. WebDriver is a remote control interface that enables introspection and control of user agents. It provides a platform- and language-neutral wire protocol as a way for out-of-process programs to remotely instruct the behavior of web browsers. This new version contains corrections from the previous Recommendation and introduces the New window command.


5. Upcoming: W3C Workshop on Inclusive Design for Immersive Web StandardsВт., 15 окт.[−]

Update 2019-10-04: The new registration deadline is Saturday, October 12. Please register interest in participating in the workshop via the following form.

W3C announced today a Workshop on Inclusive Design for Immersive Web Standards, 5-6 November 2019, in Seattle, WA, USA. The event is hosted by PlutoVR.

The goals of the workshop are to:

  • Share existing inclusive XR solutions that will help us create new standards for inclusive XR on the web.
  • Identify accessibility gaps in existing web XR technologies, and consider solutions for closing those gaps.
  • Explore ways to use existing technologies and standards to create innovative solutions for inclusive XR on the web.

Expected topics of discussion include:

  • Standards that already exist or are in development that may impact inclusive XR on the web
  • Solutions that are already being used to create inclusive XR on the web
  • Lessons from other areas like location-based VR, gaming, and 360 video
  • Accessibility limitations of existing web XR technologies
  • Extensions to existing web XR technologies to enable more inclusive XR on the web
  • Role of AI in providing real-time audio description or text captions
  • Using existing APIs to provide alternative modes of interaction (like the Vibration API for tactile feedback, the Gamepad API for alternative input devices)

Attendance is free for all invited participants and is open to the public, whether or not W3C members. For more information on the workshop, please see the workshop details and submission instructions.

Expressions of interest and position statements are due by October 2019.


6. First Public Working Drafts: WebXR Augmented Reality Module; WebXR Gamepads ModuleЧт., 10 окт.[−]

The Immersive Web Working Group has published two First Public Working Drafts today. The WebXR Augmented Reality Module – Level 1 expands the WebXR Device API with the functionality available on AR hardware. The WebXR Gamepads Module – Level 1 describes support for accessing button, trigger, thumbstick, and touchpad data associated with virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) devices on the Web.


7. Updated Candidate Recommendation for CSS Images Module Level 3Чт., 10 окт.[−]

The CSS Working Group invites implementations of an updated Candidate Recommendation of CSS Images Module Level 3. This module contains the features of CSS level 3 relating to the <image> type and some replaced elements. It includes and extends the functionality of CSS level 2 [CSS2]. The main extensions compared to CSS2.1 are the generalization of the <url> type to the <image> type, several additions to the <image> type, a generic sizing algorithm for images and other replaced content in CSS, definitions for interpolating several <image> types, and several properties controlling the interaction of replaced elements and CSS’s layout models.

CSS is a language for describing the rendering of structured documents (such as HTML and XML) on screen, on paper, etc. Comments are requested by 8 November 2019.


8. New Resource: Making Audio and Video Media AccessibleЧт., 10 окт.[−]

image of W3C WAI and Making Audio and Video Media AccessibleThe WAI Education and Outreach Working Group ( EOWG) has published Making Audio and Video Media Accessible. This resource helps you understand and create captions/subtitles, audio description of visual information, descriptive transcripts, and sign language for media. It includes guidance for creating new videos, and on media player accessibility. The planning and project management sections address considerations for outsourcing or in-house development. The resource starts by introducing user experiences and benefits to organizations — illustrating how accessibility is essential for some and useful for all.


9. World Wide Web Consortium celebrates its 25th anniversaryЧт., 10 окт.[−]

Quote from Tim Berners-Lee: the Web is humanity connected by technologyToday we celebrate the 25th anniversary of the World Wide Web Consortium. Sir Tim Berners-Lee, our Director and the inventor of the World Wide Web, founded the Web Consortium on this day, 1 October, in 1994 to ensure the long-term growth of the Web.

Since then, with the help of our Members and our community, we have been proud to work to create a Web that is accessible to all, whatever the hardware, software, network infrastructure, native language, culture, geographical location, or physical or mental ability; a Web which is good for all.

Happy 25th birthday, Web Consortium! ?

2019 marks the year when half of the population is now online, the Web turned 30 and the World Wide Web Consortium celebrates its 25th anniversary. The Web has come a long way but myriad opportunities lay ahead. Our society, our world, and the Web face many challenges, and now more than ever the Web Consortium must continue to fulfil our mission, with our global community, to make the web work, for everyone.

I hope you join us in celebrating the 25th anniversary of the Web Consortium and share your birthday wishes and to tell us your #webstories. You may read more in our blog post about some of our achievements, what we do, how we do it and why.


10. W3C Invites Implementations of Data Catalog Vocabulary (DCAT) Version 2Пн., 07 окт.[−]

The Dataset Exchange Working Group has published a Candidate Recommendation of Data Catalog Vocabulary (DCAT) – Version 2.

DCAT is an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web. This document defines the schema and provides examples for its use. DCAT enables a publisher to describe datasets and data services in a catalog using a standard model and vocabulary that facilitates the consumption and aggregation of metadata from multiple catalogs. This can increase the discoverability of datasets and data services. It also makes it possible to have a decentralized approach to publishing data catalogs and makes federated search for datasets across catalogs in multiple sites possible using the same query mechanism and structure. Aggregated DCAT metadata can serve as a manifest file as part of the digital preservation process.

Comments are welcome by 31 October 2019.


11. Working Group Notes for Verifiable Credentials Implementation Guidelines 1.0 and Verifiable Credentials Use CasesВт., 01 окт.[−]

The Verifiable Claims Working Group has published a First Public Working Group Note of Verifiable Credentials Implementation Guidelines 1.0 along with an Updated Working Group Note of Verifiable Credentials Use Cases. The Implementation Guidelines document provides implementation guidance for the Verifiable Credentials Data Model 1.0 specification, while the Use Cases document provides use cases for the specification in order to make progress toward possible future standardization and interoperability of both low- and high-stakes claims with the goals of storing, transmitting, and receiving digitally verifiable proof of attributes such as qualifications and achievements.


12. First Public Working Draft: MiniApp Standardization White PaperВт., 01 окт.[−]

The Chinese Web Interest Group has published a First Public Working Draft of MiniApp Standardization White Paper. This document introduces a new format for mobile application, named MiniApp, which is a very popular hybrid solution relies on Web technologies (especially CSS and Javascript) but also integrates with capabilities of Native Apps.


13. First Public Working Drafts: PronunciationВт., 01 окт.[−]

The Accessible Platform Architectures Working Group has published three First Public Working Drafts from the Pronunciation Task Force: Pronunciation User Scenarios, Pronunciation Use Cases, and Pronunciation Gap Analysis. These documents are a first step in defining normative specifications and best practices guidance for text to speech (TTS) synthesis to provide proper pronunciation of HTML content.

The Pronunciation User Scenarios and the Pronunciation Use Cases provide examples of the need for standardization of pronunciation markup to ensure consistent and accurate representation of content. The requirements from the user scenarios will provide the basis for the technical specifications.

The Pronunciation Gap Analysis presents required features of spoken text pronunciation and presentation along with existing specifications that may support (or enable support) of those features. Gaps are defined when a required feature does not have a corresponding method by which it can be authored in HTML.

Comments are requested by 14 October 2019.


14. Call for Review: Verifiable Credentials Data Model 1.0 is a W3C Proposed RecommendationВс., 29 сент.[−]

The Verifiable Claims Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation of Verifiable Credentials Data Model 1.0. Credentials are a part of our daily lives; driver’s licenses are used to assert that we are capable of operating a motor vehicle, university degrees can be used to assert our level of education, and government-issued passports enable us to travel between countries. This specification provides a mechanism to express these sorts of credentials on the Web in a way that is cryptographically secure, privacy respecting, and machine-verifiable.

Comments are welcome through 3 October 2019.


15. Updated Candidate Recommendation for CSS Writing Modes Level 3Вс., 29 сент.[−]

The CSS Working Group invites implementations of an updated Candidate Recommendation of CSS Writing Modes Level 3. CSS Writing Modes Level 3 defines CSS support for various writing modes and their combinations, including left-to-right and right-to-left text ordering as well as horizontal and vertical orientations. Comments are requested by 2 October 2019.

CSS is a language for describing the rendering of structured documents (such as HTML and XML) on screen, on paper, in speech, etc.


16. W3C Strategic Highlights, September 2019Чт., 26 сент.[−]

TPAC 2019 skyline bannerW3C released today its September 2019 edition of the W3C Strategic Highlights.

The report covers the massive and critical work that takes place at the Web Consortium toward the growth and strength of the Web, how W3C meets industry needs, and provides updates in key areas, as well as the latest around Web for all and outreach to the world.

We also invite you to read W3C CEO’s thoughts on TPAC2019 –our yearly event where W3C work groups meet face-to-face– held last week in Fukuoka, Japan.


17. First Public Working Draft: Publication ManifestЧт., 12 сент.[−]

The W3C Publishing Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft on Publication Manifest today. This specification defines a general manifest format for expressing information about a digital publication. It uses schema.org metadata augmented to include various structural properties about publications, serialized in JSON-LD, to enable interoperability between publishing formats while accommodating variances in the information that needs to be expressed.

This manifest format had originally been developed as part of larger work on Web Publications. As a result of some recent discussions, the publication schedule of the group has been modified and, while the Web Publication has been published as a Working Group Note, the Publication Manifest has become a stand-alone, recommendation track document. See a separate blog by Wendy Reid on the backgrounds of this decision.


18. W3C Workshop Report: Web GamesСр., 11 сент.[−]

Some workshop participants exchange on discoverability & monetization during a breakout session at the W3C Workshop on Web GamesW3C is pleased to announce a report from the W3C Workshop on Web Games held in late June 2019, in Redmond, WA, USA.

The workshop convened about 100 participants representing browser vendors, game engines developers, games developers, game distributors, and device manufacturers. Together, they discussed the future of Web technologies for games. The report collects highlights from the individual sessions, with links to the presentation slides, and presents next steps envisioned by workshop participants. Video recordings of the talks are available and linked from the workshop agenda.

Workshop participants singled out better support for threading for 3D rendering and advanced audio processing as a core need to run AAA content on the Web. They also discussed proposals to improve support for cloud gaming scenarios, including proposals to reduce I/O latency and improve communication in real-time between clients and servers. Technical updates that would benefit the Web games ecosystem as a whole were identified and the workshop proved very useful to run broader discussions on discoverability, monetization, hosted Web runtimes and accessibility. These discussions may warrant the creation of a games activity at W3C to coordinate inputs from the games community, pursue broader discussions, and track progress on needs identified during the workshop.

We thank Microsoft for hosting, Facebook Gaming for sponsoring, the Program Committee for organizing the event, and all participants for their contributions.


19. Updated Candidate Recommendation for CSS Text Decoration Module Level 3Чт., 05 сент.[−]

The CSS Working Group invites implementations of an updated Candidate Recommendation of CSS Text Decoration Module Level 3. This module contains the features of CSS relating to text decoration, such as underlines, text shadows, and emphasis marks. CSS is a language for describing the rendering of structured documents (such as HTML and XML) on screen, on paper, etc. Comments are requested by 11 September 2019.


20. Patent Advisory Group Recommends Continuing Work on Payment Request APIЧт., 05 сент.[−]

The Web Payments Working Group Patent Advisory Group (PAG), launched in June 2019, has published a report recommending that W3C continue work on Payment Request API. W3C launches a PAG to resolve issues in the event a patent has been disclosed that may be essential, but is not available under the W3C Royalty-Free licensing terms.


21. Updated Candidate Recommendation for Trace ContextЧт., 05 сент.[−]

The Distributed Tracing Working Group invites implementations of an updated Candidate Recommendation of Trace Context. This specification defines standard HTTP headers and a value format to propagate context information that enables distributed tracing scenarios. The specification standardizes how context information is sent and modified between services. Context information uniquely identifies individual requests in a distributed system and also defines a means to add and propagate provider-specific context information. Comments are requested by 9 September 2019.


22. Call for Review: Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) Rules Format 1.0 is a W3C Proposed RecommendationЧт., 29 авг.[−]

The Accessibility Guidelines Working Group (AG WG) has published Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) Rules Format 1.0 as a W3C Proposed Recommendation. This draft demonstrates implementations of the specification based on example ACT Rules being continuously developed by the ACT Rules Community Group. A blog post Harmonized Accessibility Testing provides more background on this work.

Comments are welcome through 24 September 2019. Read about the the W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).


23. Updated Candidate Recommendations for CSS Writing Modes Levels 3 and 4Вт., 27 авг.[−]

The CSS Working Group invites implementations of updated Candidate Recommendations of CSS Writing Modes Level 3 and CSS Writing Modes Level 4. These documents define CSS support for various international writing modes, including left-to-right and right-to-left text ordering as well as horizontal and vertical orientations. Level 4 is identical to Level 3, except that it contains the previously at-risk features which were dropped from Level 3 and an additional set of changes.

CSS is a language for describing the rendering of structured documents (such as HTML and XML) on screen, on paper, in speech, etc.


24. Updated Candidate Recommendation for Verifiable Credentials Data Model 1.0Вт., 13 авг.[−]

The Verifiable Claims Working Group invites implementations of an updated Candidate Recommendation of Verifiable Credentials Data Model 1.0. Credentials are a part of our daily lives; driver’s licenses are used to assert that we are capable of operating a motor vehicle, university degrees can be used to assert our level of education, and government-issued passports enable us to travel between countries. This specification provides a mechanism to express these sorts of credentials on the Web in a way that is cryptographically secure, privacy respecting, and machine-verifiable.


25. First Public Working Draft: Timing Entry Names RegistryВт., 13 авг.[−]

The Web Performance Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of Timing Entry Names Registry. This document provides a registry of PerformanceEntry.entryType used in Performance Timeline [ PERFORMANCE-TIMELINE-2].



 
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